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  4. National Archives and Records Administration. "DC_Emancipation_Act." National Archives and Records Administration.
  5. Siddali, Silvana. "Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America." .
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  7. Welling, James. “The Emancipation Proclamation.” The North American Review. 1880.
  8.  “10 Facts about the Emancipation Proclamation.” Civil War Trust. 2013.